Battery Developments

Inventions in the 1700s and 1800s are well documented and credit goes to the dignified inventors. Benjamin Franklin invented the Franklin stove, bifocal eyeglasses and the lightning rod. He was unequaled in American history as an inventor until Thomas Edison emerged. Edison was a good businessman who may have taken credit for inventions others had made. Contrary to popular belief, Edison did not invent the light bulb; he improved upon a 50-year-old idea by using a small, carbonized filament lit up in a better vacuum. Although a number of people had worked on this idea before, Edison gained the financial reward by making the concept commercially viable to the public. The phonograph is another success story for which Edison received due credit.

Countries often credit their own citizens for having made important inventions, whether or not they deserve it. When visiting museums in Europe, the USA and Japan one sees such bestowment. The work to develop the car, x-ray machines, telephones, broadcast radio, televisions and computers might have been done in parallel, not knowing of others’ advancements at that time, and the rightful inventor is often not clearly identified. Similar uncertainties exist with the invention of new battery systems, and we give respect to research teams and organizations rather than individuals. Table 1 summarizes battery advancements and lists inventors when available.

 

Year

Inventor

Activity

1600

William Gilbert (UK)

Establishment of electrochemistry study

1791

Luigi Galvani (Italy)

Discovery of “animal electricity”

1800

1802

1820

1833

1836

1839

1859

1868

1899

Alessandro Volta (Italy)

William Cruickshank (UK)

André-Marie Ampère (France)

Michael Faraday (UK)

John F. Daniell (UK)

William Robert Grove (UK)

Gaston Planté (France)

Georges Leclanché (France)

 Waldmar Jungner (Sweden)

Invention of the voltaic cell (zinc, copper disks)

First electric battery capable of mass production

Electricity through magnetism

Announcement of Faraday’s law

Invention of the Daniell cell

Invention of the fuel cell (H2/O2)

Invention of the lead acid battery

Invention of the Leclanché cell (carbon-zinc)

Invention of the nickel-cadmium battery

1901

1932

1947

1949

1970s

1990

1991

1994

1996

1996

Thomas A. Edison (USA)

Shlecht & Ackermann (D)

Georg Neumann (Germany)

Lew Urry, Eveready Battery

Group effort

Group effort

Sony (Japan)

Bellcore (USA)

Moli Energy (Canada)

University of Texas (USA)

Invention of the nickel-iron battery

Invention of the sintered pole plate

Successfully sealing the nickel-cadmium battery

Invention of the alkaline-manganese battery

Development of valve-regulated lead acid battery

Commercialization of nickel-metal-hydride battery

Commercialization of lithium-ion battery

Commercialization of lithium-ion polymer

Introduction of Li-ion with manganese cathode

Identification of Li-phosphate (LiFePO4)

2002

University of Montreal, Quebec Hydro, MIT, others

Improvement of Li-phosphate, nanotechnology, commercialization

 

Table 1: History of modern battery development. No new major battery system has entered the commercial market since the invention of Li-phosphate in 1996.

Comments

On June 23, 2011 at 3:35am
viswanathan sankaran wrote:

You have commented that
“No new major battery system has entered the commercial market since the invention of Li-phosphate in 1996”
What about the fuel cells and Vanadium Redox Flow batteries which are already commercialized ? There is no mention about the high temperature molten electrolyte sodium cell either?

On August 4, 2011 at 11:46pm
songfang wrote:

Really interesting !I learned a lot from it Thanks!

On November 20, 2011 at 10:17am
Reece wrote:

Thanks for the help. This helped me with my science fair

On June 5, 2012 at 1:36pm
Les wrote:

I work for an industrial supply company as a technical product support specialist. Often I receive many phone calls asking about batteries and their various types. Your site is extremely thorough. I appreciate the work you’ve done. Thank you! It will be of tremendous help to me and my peers.

On May 18, 2013 at 3:17pm
Mastero101 wrote:

Very interesting know about the history of the batteries, but us miss one thing who invent the Li-ion, Li-Po batteries. l want to know who develope the batteries that we use every day.

On June 22, 2013 at 7:17am
JK DHANDE wrote:

I wish to know all about battery and battery technology.

On January 8, 2014 at 3:35am
Pradeep Chandra Pant wrote:

Kindly enlighten us about Flow Battery, particularly about its charge discharge characteristics, energy density and cycle life.

On January 15, 2014 at 7:25pm
ibrahim wrote:

I do no y scientists came and y they invented…..........

On January 15, 2014 at 7:33pm
shabih wrote:

I wish to know about battery technology

On January 15, 2014 at 7:40pm
Kari kada bhai wrote:

I wish to know why battery is invented

On June 10, 2014 at 11:21pm
stephen wrote:

Great insight about battery development .
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